Home / Articles / Writing / Email greetings in English

Email greetings in English

By Matthew, October 05 2015, 08:46
A picture of a boy saluting
A boy saluting, because this is an article about salutations. Michael Sale via Flickr
Open your email professionally by choosing the right greeting with these easy guidelines.

When you write "Dear..." at the start of an email, it is called a "salutation" or a "greeting". Choosing the right salutation for your email is very important.

It is most common to open formal and casual emails with "Dear...". However, in formal and casual emails, openings can be very different.

Formal Emails

With a formal email, you should use a title (ex. "Mr." or "Ms.") and only the person's family name:

Dear Mr. Smith,

Do not use the person's full name (ex. "Dear Mr. Peter Smith"). Furthermore, in business, it is generally best to avoid "Miss" or "Mrs". If the person is a doctor or professor, use "Dr." or "Prof.". Professional or academic titles should be used instead of "Mr." or "Miss".

If you do not know the person's name, then try to find out. If you cannot find out the person's name, it is possible to use the person's job title:

Dear Sales Manager,

You can also say:

Dear Sir or Madam,

You can also use "To" in this case:

To the Sales Manager,

However, it is better not to use these openings, because they can reduce the chance of your message being successful. It is not personal or professional. It seems like you sent the same letter to 50 companies. In business, also try not to use "To whom it may concern". This is only used for messages or letters when we do not know who will be reading them.

Casual and Neutral Emails

If you know the person well, or you have done business with them before, you can use "Dear" with their first name:

Dear Jane, 

You can also use "Hi" or "Hello" instead of "Dear" if you want to.


In both casual and formal messages, always use a comma after the salutation, and then a capital letter at the start of the next line as follows:

Dear Mr. Daultry,
We are pleased to inform you that...

Do you know any other good greetings to open an email?

  • Matthew's picture
    About me
    I am from New Zealand. I lived in Japan and Brazil for a long time, but now I am back home in Auckland. I am the founder of Poligo. I like to play guitar and video games and surf when I get the chance. I have a wife and two boys.
    I specialize in teaching English to professionals and English teachers. I have taught English since 2001 in Japan, New Zealand and Brazil. I speak Japanese & Portuguese. I am the founder of Poligo and The English Farm (an online school for business English).

Try Poligo now for free

Get help with your English writing from professional teachers 24 hours a day. We'll correct your writing and give you lots of useful advice and feedback. Poligo's service is super fast — if you don't get help in less than 24 hours, you get your money back. It's free to join & new members get 500 characters of writing checked for free.

  • Fast service.
  • 100% private.
  • Professional quality.

Write better English