To make a modifier (adjective or adverb) from a verb, you should use a participle. English has two participles: the present participle and the past participle.
Make the present participle using:
Note: the present participle looks exactly like a gerund, but they do different jobs.
Present participles are used to do the following:
|1. The Continuous / Progressive Aspect:
I am sitting in my chair, listening to music.
While I was watching TV, the phone rang.
When will you be coming back?
|2. Modifying Noun:
I can hear a crying baby.
What an interesting movie!
I really hate going to long boring meetings.
|3. Modifying a Verb or Sentence:
He came running.
She spoke, chewing gum.
Speaking of holidays, I am going to Fiji.